Facts about nitrogen

 Nitrogen is one of the most popularly used gases in the atmosphere. 78% of the air is comprised of nitrogen, and at present, there are a lot of industrial and natural uses of nitrogen. Nitrogen has no taste, no scent and no color, and on the period table, its symbol is N. It is common knowledge that nitrogen is a very inert gas. However, bacteria in the soil have the capability of converting this gas in to a form in which it can be utilized by plants as well as animals/ insects in order to create proteins and amino acids. The atomic number of nitrogen is 7.

Nitrogen is also commonly used as a preserving agent; being used to keep packaged foods as fresh as possible by preventing the process of oxidation to execute. However, the primary use of nitrogen is in the making of fertilizers, in the agricultural industry. Previously, argon was the primary element used in the making of light bulbs, but nitrogen is now being considered as a much cheaper alternative in place of argon.

Moreover, nitrogen is also used on top of liquid explosives, preventing them from exploding. Contrary to popular belief, nitrogen is present all around us and within us too. Nitrogen is also used for storing beer in kegs, and this property also applies when it comes to preventing liquid explosives from going off.

The largest moon of Saturn, known as Titan consists of an atmosphere that is made almost completely of nitrogen, comprising of over 98%. A range of different electrical parts are also produced via nitrogen,  including diodes, transistors as well as integrated circuits. Even though normal car tires are filled with standard air, air tires of airplanes and special automobiles make use of nitrogen gas.

Liquid nitrogen exists at a significantly low temperature. At a mere -196 degrees Celsius, liquid nitrogen boils up. Nitrogen is also used for the storage of items at a very cold temperature. Nitrous oxide is created through nitrogen, and it also has a range of different uses. For instance, nitrous oxide is used in motor racing for maximizing the engine output of motor cars, increasing their power output. Nitrous oxide has a very damaging effect upon the environment, and is a harmful gas that damages the atmosphere and depletes the ozone layer.

Another by- product of nitrogen, nitric acid is also a very strong acid used commonly on a large scale for the production of fertilizers.  Nitrogen has also been referred to as being ‘burnt’ air. By weight, around 3% of your body consists of nitrogen. The aurora borealis, or the Northern Lights as they are commonly known also have a significantly large percentage of nitrogen in them, which is the reason for the bluish green and the violet shades that are present within the Northern Lights.

In the preservation of blood and sperm, liquid nitrogen is used. Secondly, nitrogen is present in virtually every single drug that is created today. These are some of the most important facts about nitrogen.